Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Outcomes of Movement1

What the likely outcomes to the achievement of aims of collective action when the ideology of a movement/ collective action is same as that of the state government and the means are considered to be legitimate? The state would facilitate. However, it is likely different outcomes happen depending on political conditionalitie and the nature of purpose around which collective action is generated.


Ritu Kashyap said...

RTI was launched by Indian Government raising the motto of “seek and you shall find”. But the activist is seeking their answer in form of death. Theoretically it is assumed that state should guard against these whistleblowers that stand in the guard of RTI. It was passed in the year 2005, since then 13 RTI activists have been brutally killed, adding to this is the recent killing of the activist Shehla Masood , working with the organization “Prayatna” in Bhopal. Hence this is one the many examples of such burning issues where the outcomes happen to be very different.

Rohitash Jain said...

When the idea of operational flood movement came in seventies. Even before the mobilization, various institutes were created. NDDB was formed. Veterinary hospitals, AI centres, cooperative societies were established in villages to get support from people. People came forward after looking benefits. In this movement, huge financial and political support came from central and states government. Due to willingness from government side, OF movement overpassed the success making India, world's largest milk producing country.
Rohitash 32088

Arshia said...

The protest against the court verdict in the Jessica Lal murder case that proved the wealthy son of an influential politician innocent can be an example of this type of movement. The ideology was in sync with that of the State of providing justice to the citizens. The methods adopted were peaceful and legitimate. Campaigning was done through SMS’ and e-mails. The protests were peaceful and candle-light vigil was the highlight of this movement. Following media pressure, the Delhi HC fast tracked the proceedings and the accused was sentenced to life imprisonment thus reinstating people’s faith in the judicial system.

Arshia Gupta (32057)

nitin said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Shipra Sharma said...

In a democratic country like India people are considered as the whole sole of making the government and everyone has got the fundamental right of freedom of speech. When a total revolution was initiated by Jayprakash Narayan asking for the resignation of Indira Gandhi on account of violating electrol laws, the outcomes were not aligned with the purpose of the movement although the ideology were the same as that of democracy and the means were legitimate. This was because Indira Gandhi had proclaimed a national emergency by autocratically utilising her authority and the leaders were arrested.
Shipra Sharma (32092)

nitin said...

Very well said Ritu, actually RTI movement is a very good example where both State and RTI activists have agreed upon goals and means. This act was enacted after considerable consultation between civil society and government. As a result there has been high coherence between state and movement from the initial stages. Despite this outcomes have been dependent on the political conditionality. In many instances existing power structures in the government have tried to create barriers to information and suppress people trying to access key information. Recent deaths of RTI activists is a testimony of this fact.
Nitin Malik

varun said...

The Anna Hazare Campaign is one example of mass collective action based on the ideology of freeing India of corruption which any state is supposed to strive for but most lack willingness.
The campaign was through all legitimate means and this movement has compelled the state to facilitate the process to bring in strong Jan Lokpal Bill.
But it depends on the political conditionality what the government of the state wants and thus lot of resistance and modification in bill was seen. Hence the outcome i.e. bill might well be different from what Hazare campaign is for.

mayank tiwari said...

An example of movement1 could be Anti-Nuclear movement around the world. In US, the movement was in full swing during the Barrack Obama’s Presidential campaign. The new government of US shared concerns over the destructive use of Nuclear power so the ideology of the movement was in sync with that of the state. The means adopted were peaceful demonstration, hence legitimate. The US government facilitated the movement and the Obama administration negotiated a new weapons accord with Russia for a reduction of the maximum number of deployed nuclear weapons on each side by 30%.
Mayank Tiwari

kajal kumari said...

The Anna hazare collective action against corruption in bureaucracy and a discussion in the parliament by the government on the jan lokpaal bill are a perfect example of this wherein the government is trying to facilitate the bill. However bound by the coalition, interests of parties and the national political arena, the government has not really been able to succeed.

p32021 said...

The green revolution in India was launched with the purpose of increasing agricultural production. The movement was a huge success and one of the reasons was the role played by the government. The purpose of green revolution was in sync with the state's objective of becoming self- sufficient in food grains. The government launched programmes on AIR to create awareness among farmers about new agricultural practices.It was the collective effort of the agricultural scientists, policy makers, political class and the farmer that led to the success.

Mayank Gaur

tijilthomas said...

I would like to quote two examples; one is of Dr Vargheese Kurian and the other is of Baba Ramdev. Dr Kurian tried to improve the livelihood of the rural poor trough a legitimate way keeping aside all political advantage he could have received during those days. He concentrated on the core issue for which people were with him. On the other hand Baba Ramdev initiated a collective action to improve health through yoga. But once his follower base grew, he deviated to issues like corruption, and in the shadow of which he may also form a political party.
Tijil Thomas -32045


The kind of felicitation that would be given is definitely affected by the type of political conditions that are prevailing,as the "famous" loan waiver for farmers that was anounced by the UPA government in 2008,just 1 years before the election ,after that there has been many farmer agiations(Up farmer's agitation in delhi for increase in sugarcane prices) claiming for increase in prices, but nothing was given except for the lip service with state also claiming the fact that they put farmers interest on top.

guesswho_aj said...

The ideology of movement in the case of Mullaperiyar Dam issue and the ideology of state is the same (to have a new dam built). The state facilitated the cause and the means adopted by the collectives were legitimate. But the larger political conditionalities(political pressure from Tamil Nadu, plea to reduce water level being rejected) are such that the expected outcome i.e. a ruling in favour of building a new dam is at a distance and not occurring.

Rajendar Reddy said...

Considering the example of ongoing Lokpal bill, the state and collective action have the same objective of controlling corruption. The means followed are also legitimate and the state facilitated the moment by introducing the bill. But, the other political parties within and outside alliance are opposing it, on the provision which made it mandatory for States to set up Lokayuktas, contending it was an infringement on the “federal structure” and encroachment on the powers of a State government. This undesired outcome is due to the political conditionalities and other externalities like state’s monopoly, constitution etc.

Rajendar Reddy (32015)