Sunday, January 31, 2010
A collective action is required by the students in IRMA along with mess staff to reduce the waste of food in our mess.
Even though our mess is students mess, we are unable to reduce the wastage of food. Though this issue is raised by some of us in GBM before but it goes unheard by the majority. The food is wastage of food is due to:
1. Many of us go out for meals in large group without informing in mess even when it is pre-planned.
2. Left-over in our plate.
Can we do something about it ?
Can we do something about it ?
One of the reasons could be the media..the 24 hour news channels which give so much coverage to issues-both in a good and bad way that may be the need of people protesting against issues has decreased.
So are the news channel a substitute for collective action??
Women have been part of several movements such as freedom struggle, anti-liquor agitations, etc. As we know there is a cost to a collective action and I feel this cost is far greater for women than that felt by the men. Breaking the social barriers, leaving their children behind for an agitation, managing both their home as well as sharing the responsibility of the collective action are certain examples of this extra cost on them. Sometimes more effort is required to be taken seriously in many male dominated bastions. So the collective action theories also have a gender specific angle to it
SHASHVAT SINGH (30044)
Saturday, January 30, 2010
So, I thought, can we really go for a practical for this and while browsing the net, I came across Save Our Tigers Campaign. I found it indeed a campaign that needs a collective action to succeed. So I request you all to go to the following link and find out how can we promote the awareness about our National Animal which is on the verge of extinction. And in this process you will feel like doing some kind of collective action. Also its pretty easy for free-riders to reap the benefit without putting so much of effort.
Friday, January 29, 2010
Forced In 2003, the state passed an ordinance to install rain water harvesting structures in all old and new buildings. Now people in the state are reaping rich benefits. The ground water table in the state has shown a phenomenal rise.Forty percent of rainwater which would earlier flow into the sea is now being stored underground.
As a result of this, water scarcity is now a thing of the past. Rainwater harvesting has become a people's movement in the state. When Jayalalithaa made this compulsory, many were skeptical. Today even her critics call this a revolution in conservation of water, worth replicating across the country.
College events are organized on the basis of the collection, co-ordination and co-operation among the students. Though Milaap has a huge success from an external angle but it is not so internally. The crisis aroused is purely because of the lack of effective co-operation.
I strongly request sir, to include milaap as practical exercise for CAC along with blogs and posters. This will resolve the problem of non-cooperation during the event to large extent. Problem of free-riding will be taken care of by the instructor who has proven ability to do so ( remember the evaluation of RRM assign.).
Thursday, January 28, 2010
These two pictures depict how collective action is programmed among living beings. It comes out in open during various occasions. In these pictures the basic need to fight hunger has brought them together. There are four monkeys, one in the room throwing out food to the monkey in balcony. The monkey on balcony throws the food on the ground and keeps an eye on anyone coming. The other two monkeys are eating and collecting food from ground for eating it after-wards and sharing with other two monkeys. Isn’t a simplest example of average collective benefit > individual benefit.
The (not so gentle-)man on the right,Joseph Goebbels, was the living example* of contagion theory and how to put it to 'best' possible use.As Hitler's right hand man and propaganda minister and no less an orator than Hitler himself,he instigated many a mob violence against helpless Jews, most infamous being the one at Kristallnact which 'started it all' (Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristallnacht) . The most infamous quote of his " If the lie ,however big and audacious, is told repeatedly and in convincing manner, will eventually be accepted by the masses" underscores how a few can instigate many to put their brains/rationality 'at rest'.
*See the video of his boss and see closely how he casts a spell on audience..
(wanted to post here only but it wont work :-(
A sentiment that is common to many countries around the world is how to fight corruption? Companies are interested in fighting corruption, but none want to be the first guy sticking his head above the water. In other words, the problem is really solving the collective action puzzle – how to get everyone else on board at the same time?
Coincidentally, Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), together with the World Bank Institute and a number of other stakeholders, is organizing an Executive Development Program — Fighting Corruption through Collective Action in Today’s Competitive Market places that takes up this issue head on – how to get companies, NGOs, and government to work together to fight corruption?
Posted by Sumit dhorta (P30047)
Wednesday, January 27, 2010
Manikandan Sanjive (30037)
A crowd certainly has collective action potential but today's movie also showed the critical role a leader has to play to guide/misguide the crowd's collective action in his favor. Brutus convinced the crowd of Caesar’s supposedly harmful ambitions thus justifying his murder while Marc Anthony was later successful in convincing the crowd of the Caesar’s greatness and his innocence.
Collective action potential is like wet clay...can be molded by leaders into anything. So the crowd (at least the rational individuals in it) must be careful and a bit critical of the leader's arguments instead of following him blindly.
After today’s session ( wrt session 22) it is clear that even though we are studying collective action at present it has been in existence from ages. The clipping from the Shakespeare’s drama ‘Julius Caesar’ clear says that the collective action have taken places ages back and brought changes in the world along with that helped in writing the history of the Roman empire.
So it can be said that collective action definitely has the power to bring about the change (positive) in the world.
Tuesday, January 26, 2010
I am not becoming cynical but I cannot resist myself in saying that, In IRMA the term “collective action” has become a cliché… for every event we say that it was an outcome of the collective event and it was successful because of the collective action which we put forward.. I will just like to pose an example… Successful completion of Milaap 2010 was the outcome of the collective action which we put forward… But what about the individual sacrifices which was made in terms of sacrificing studies and working for the sake of the batch… How many of us will study less so that the overall grade will be lower and these people can pass???
We need to ponder upon this…
In a situation when the profits arising out of higher domestic consumer prices are getting accumulated in private hands, thereby not incentivising farmers to augment production capacities, can a collective action by the consumers in this regard be possible? Will this collective action be feasible? We seriously need to ponder upon these questions in these trying times.......
SHASHVAT SINGH (30044)
Monday, January 25, 2010
Bomb blasts, deluges etc which have left many people dead has not evoked any outburst from the middle class. The cost of having such collective action is very high for the middle class who do not have a "leader" "the selfless utiliarian" who will initially bear the costs of the collective action.
The media has also projected the middle class as a "market" with rising incomes and not as as class which can influence the decision making process. This view has been accepted by the middle class and has reinforced in their psyche. Hence no felt need for collective action.
Friday, January 22, 2010
Thursday, January 21, 2010
Wednesday, January 20, 2010
S.Manikandan Sanjive (30037)
He emphasised the psychological and intellectual superiority that the elites holds.He classified elites into two groups-
He said that a whole elite can be replaced by a new one and one can circulate from being elite to non-elit
Tuesday, January 19, 2010
These days the PRM 30 batch is busy working for Milaap. The people are directly or indirectly involved in the preparations. It is another event whose responsibility lies on the batch. Many other people are also involved to make this event possible. Can this be called collective action of the batch or of a group of people focused to make this event possible?
In class,we’d discussed with a rather “unfortunate” tone that collective action(like the ones where middle class take to the streets protesting price rise etc.)has decreased these days. But I would like to say we should look at these as a proof of empowerment of individuals and also go beyond thinking of collective action as being epitomized by STRIKES/BANDHS. Technology today has made the “Collective” go beyond the physical and take up forms that are not conspicuous or apparent like in the past.
Empowerment and mutation have changed the face of the collective!
Our approach to nonviolence and nonviolent opposition reflects an alternative understanding of power in the modern world.Social scientists commonly follow Weber in assuming that power derives from the legitimacy to use violence and coercion possessed by those controlling the state,who can "realise their own will in a communal action even against the resistance of others"(Weber 1946:180).
At the same time culture of non-violent opposition transforms human relationship defined by love,dialouge and cooperation.The purpose of non-violent opposition is not merely to take over the control of states-and replace one tyranny with another-but to expand the power to promote social justice within states, between states and societies,within societies and between societies.
Monday, January 18, 2010
Saturday, January 16, 2010
The firm exists as the aforementioned costs are reduced when an entrepreneur through a firm "directs" these factors of production. The costs involved of absorbing many factors of production under the "firm" and co-ordinate their activities is less than pure "market exchanges" of the same.
Thus the firm as a collective action outcome reduces cost of production and hence exists in the "market" thereby benefiting everyone economic agent
Friday, January 15, 2010
aditi chaturvedi p30001
The recent protest by the National Hockey Team's players just before their departure for World Cup, presents an integral part of a collective action- TIMING. The players waited till the right time so that they can be heard loud and across the country of their plight and succeeded since they got media coverage and public support. The sugarcane farmers from UP went to Delhi on November 19, 2009 to protest against the Fair and Remunerative Prices Act, on the day it was being discussed in the Parliament and as an impact of the farmers' protest the government agreed to scrap it in the next 3 days.
The recent protest by the National Hockey Team's players just before their departure for World Cup, presents an integral part of a collective action- TIMING. The players waited till the right time so that they can be heard loud and across the country of their plight and succeeded since they got media coverage and public support.
The sugarcane farmers from UP went to Delhi on November 19, 2009 to protest against the Fair and Remunerative Prices Act, on the day it was being discussed in the Parliament and as an impact of the farmers' protest the government agreed to scrap it in the next 3 days.
Thursday, January 14, 2010
Students used to be a potential source of leadership in the 1980s, now they are important third party mediators between challengers and authorities.
Collective action and protests are being chiefly organized by rural peasants and urban industrial workers.
A case where perceived roles define “potential propensity to collective action”.
Wednesday, January 13, 2010
At that time I was working for the rescue and rehabilitation. I was said by one of the district magistrate of that region on the night of 20th-"Ranjan ji, pehle main apni jaan bachaun ya aapke area ke logon ko bachane jaaun?" There was total breakdown of government machinery.Only the poor people helped each other for their survival.As Sony Sir explained that poor people are more cooperating to each other than riches.I found the same during that time.Still crores of rupees of relief-materials are lying and rotting in the premises of railway stations.Loots of billions of rupees by goverment officials taken place at that time.
So,it is not the cooperation,but,manipulation that is showing high growth rate.
A person,sitting in the office of Dy. Chairman,Planning commission,Bihar ,has himself inheriting highest landed property in India(more than 7000 acres of land).Can we expect equal distribution of the so-called growth of Bihar?
Bihar has a population of over 80 million people, approximately that of Germany. While Germany’s annual production is valued at US$2.9 trillion, Bihar’s production is around US$24 billion, or less than 1 percent of Germany’s. Bihar’s statistics are depressing even compared to India. Its per capita annual product is a third of India’s. The growth of Bihar’s economy actually decelerated as the rest of India’s growth accelerated. In 1980s, Bihar’s real per capita income grew at 2.6 percent (national average 3.3 percent), but in the 1990s, Bihar slowed its real per capita income growth to 0.0 percent (national average 4.0 percent.) It was at the bottom of the list of 16 major Indian states.
Bihar’s agricultural productivity is half of India’s. That is all the worse because agriculture accounts for 45 percent of Bihar’s income (compared to overall for India 25 percent.) Bihar is actually almost all rural – 90 percent of the population lives in rural Bihar (compared to India’s 70 percent.) And the rural areas are crowded: the population density is nearly 900 people per sq km, about three times India’s population density.
Not surprisingly, Bihar is at the top of the list of negative indicators. Kidnappings: 3rd highest after UP and Rajasthan. Murder rate: 2nd highest after UP. Total fertility rate: 4.4 second to UP (national average 3.3.).Bihar trails in practically all indicators of development such as literacy rate to income distribution.
According to the report of State Directorate of Economics and Statistics (SDES) per capita income in Bihar during 2006-07 was meager Rs.9,702- the lowest in the country. Similarly according to the report of Reserve of India (RBI) per capita expenditure was also at the bottom of the list. The state spent only Rs. 1,352 per capita in 2006-07. Per capita GDP of the state in 200-01 stands to Rs. 3649.80 as against the all India average of Rs. 11625.20.
The density of population in Bihar is 880 according to the 2001 Census Report. Cumulative per capita grants from the Centre to the state has been Rs. 488.30 during the period 2000-01 to 2002-03 which is the lowest in the country. Be it per capita development expenditure or per capita social sector expenditure, Bihar ranks last on the national map. Per capita development expenditure for 2007-08 of Bihar is only Rs. 2294 as against the All India figure of Rs. 4308. Per capita social sector expenditure of Bihar is only Rs.1465 as against the All India average of Rs.2492. (Source: State Finances- A Study of Budgets of 2007-08, RBI). Bihar inhabitates the largest population in the country living below poverty line.
1. Higher growth rate in one or two years does not mean that it has has surpassed other states.It is the same way in which we compare Indian economy with the US economy.If India is growing at the rate of 8-9% and US is growing at the rate of 3-4%,it doesnot mean that India has surpassed US.
2. If the said collective action has resulted into the so-called change,then which sections of the society have been benefitted more?It is in the same way that after the liberalistaion,India grown with high rate,but the disparity between rich and poor has widended much.
3. Media and budget management is an art in which the representatives and supporters of creamy-layer are expert.In 2004, Late Pramod Mahajan and his company propogated the "Feel-good" for NDA govt.But,that "Feel-good" bite dust in the loksabha election.Also,the next UPA government found exteme difficulty to manage the budget and economy,which was earlier manipulated to show "Feel-good."
Tuesday, January 12, 2010
I wish to highlight the implications of a collective action that took place in Manipur very recently. Apunba Lup, an umbrella organisation of 23 civil society groups along with three major student bodies of the state have been protesting against the” fake encounter “ killings of 27 year old Chongkham Sanjit, a suspected ex-millitant, in broad daylight by police commandos in Imphal on the 23rd of July 2009. This resulted in an agitation by the groups demanding the resignation of the Chief Minister and DGP of the state police besides action against senior police officials. However the protest took a big turn when the joining of student bodies led to closure of schools, colleges and universities across the state resulting in the suspension of classes for over 4 months . While the collective action was for a justified reason, the impact that it had on the academic activities of the students cannot be undermined and it could well set a precedent for such indefinite closures of educational institutions in future as well. While there is a school of thought that believes that such an action taken is in the best interests of the society at large , as the protests is to ensure the safety of future generations... I would like to pose a question as to whether a collective action by the common people could also prove to be harmful to the very same people they represent??? How do you really view the gains and losses of the sacrifices being made???